When to the urologist?
L’urologist is a specialized doctor who deals with the diagnosis and treatment of the problems associated with it urinary tract male and female e reproductive organs masculine. But how to understand when it is necessary to make an appointment?
dr talks about it. Roberto MusiUrologist and andrologist at the clinics of Humanitas medical care from Domodossola, Murat, De Angeli in Milan And Humanitas San Pio X.
What are the most common conditions treated by a urologist?
The Diseases most often facedurologist I am:
When to the urologist?
The seven signs that indicate the need to see a urologist are the following:
1. Prostatic hypertrophy
There prostate is a gland below the bladder that surrounds the urethra. When enlarged, it can press against the urethra and bladder, preventing urine flow.
The most common symptoms of this condition are:
- Frequent urge to urinate
- burning sensation or pain when urinating
- difficulty urinating
- urinary tract infection
- Frequent nighttime urination
2. Urinary Tract Infection
The urinary tract infection they affect both women and men. They are often characterized by frequent and painful urination, Fever, smelly urine And tight. In most cases after running urine culture, the administration of targeted antibiotics solves the problem. Consult your own urologist Correct diagnosis of the causes of infection and appropriate therapy are essential.
3. Neoplasms of the urogenital tract
- bladder neoplasms often result in microscopic hematuria (detected by a urine test) or frank hematuria with burning and discomfort when urinating. They are common neoplasms, they affect smokers or those who come into contact with various chemicals. Never underestimate an episode of blood in the urine and always to check.
- prostate neoplasms are common malignancies that are discovered with routine examination and dosing PPEthat every man over 45 should do. With new technologies, they are malignancies that, if detected at an early stage, can cure completely.
- testicular neoplasms often affect young patients. The first symptom is a change in the shape and consistency of the testicle. The self-examination is essential for early diagnosis.
- penile neoplasms they are fairly rare diseases and are sometimes associated with HPV viral infections. A change in the skin of the penis, severe phimosis, the appearance of nodules or ulcerations require an urgent urological visit.
4. Kidney stones
THE Kidney stones are characterized by severe pain in the lower back (renal colic) which may be accompanied by blood in the urine, nausea, cloudy urine and urinary tract infections.
5. Andrological problems
There erectile dysfunction it is defined as the inability to achieve and maintain an erection. It affects sexual performance and fertility and can be associated with other diseases (heart disease, diabetes and metabolic diseases). While it can be embarrassing, talking to your urologist is the first step in getting the help you need.
If you have trouble with male fertility, The urologist can diagnose what might be causing the problem (varicocele, abnormal sperm production, prostatitis, sexually transmitted diseases) and recommend treatment options.
6. Problems urinating in women
Poor bladder control can lead to frequent urination and urine leakage. The severity of the condition can range from dripping a few drops (when laughing, coughing, or sneezing) to urgent urination with leakage of urine before you can reach the bathroom.
There are a few Uro-gynecological therapies what can solve the problem.
7. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
They are common diseases in men, from the most trivial (Candida infections, trichomonads, chlamydiamycoplasma) among the most dangerous (gonococcal infection, HPV, herpes) to very severe infections, such as:
A urological visit can highlight them and treat them properly.
How does the urological visit work?
During the first phase of the visit, the specialist Gather as much information as possible about the patient’s medical history and lifestyle (medical history), ask questions about:
- habitual feeding
- alcohol consumption
- physical activity / sedentary lifestyle
- Family history of urological diseases
- Information about sex life
- Presence of existing pathologies
- habitual medication use
Thereafter, the visit varies according to the gender of the patient.
If it Man, The doctor conducts a careful examination Assessment of the lower abdomen and the external genital area (It may also be possible to examine the prostate by palpation from the rectal canal to check the condition of the gland).
Self Womanthe urological visit it is very similar to the gynecological one: after the anamnesis, the doctor proceeds to the examination Assessment of the state of health of the urinary tractExclusion or identification of the presence of a prolapsed bladder and/or uterus (conditions commonly associated with incontinence).
Finally, based on the surveys conducted (both male and female), the specialist may request that the patient conduct some of them verification exams.
What examinations can the urologist request?
The exams most in demand are: